The main objective of the present study is to analyse the relationship between personality traits, assessed using the Big Five or Five Factor Model (FFM), and responses in work effort when confronted with stress, as well as the moderating effect of hardiness.
In the study of the relationships between personality traits and responses to stress, some researchers have included speciﬁc constructs, suchas Type A (Friedman,1991), hostility (Suls &Wan,1993), or optimism (Scheier&Carver, 1992). However, a wider perspective in the study of personality is offered by the Big Five Model (Grant & Langan-Fox, 2006; Penley & Tomaka, 2002).
This introduction is organised as follows. Firstly, the three main variables considered are outlined: hardiness, personality traits assessed through the FFM, and work effort. Then, a theoretical proposal on the relationships between these variables is presented, and ﬁnally, several speciﬁc hypotheses to test in an empirical study are formulated.